It was held by Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry every year. Students gain or lose house points throughout the school year, and determine which of the four Houses will be the winner of the House Cup. It was held from September until June.
The House Cup was a trophy awarded to the one of the four houses at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry for winning the House Championship. The House Championship began on 1 September. The Championship continues to the final day of term when the winner will be announced at the End-of-Year Feast.
The number of points each house had achieved toward the House Championship were kept in an hourglass, one for each house. The hourglass would add or take one jewel for each house point. Each house had their own kind of stone: Gryffindor was a ruby stone, Slytherin was emerald, Ravenclaw was a sapphire and Hufflepuff was a diamond.
Starting in June 1986, Slytherin won the House Cup for seven years in a row. In the 1991-1992 school year, Nearly Headless Nick said the Bloody Baron was unbearable because he kept boasting about Slytherin winning every year, and hoped that the new Gryffindor students could lead their House to victory for once. Gryffindor had never went so long before without winning.
In October, Gryffindor could have been second place if they won their first Quidditch game against Slytherin, which they did. If they won their next game against Hufflepuff, they could be higher than Slytherin and take first place for the first time in seven years. They won the game and usurped Slytherin.
In April however, Harry Potter, Hermione Granger and Neville Longbottom lost fifty house points each which put Gryffindor in last place for the House Championship. Slytherin celebrated, but everyone else in the school was angry because they thought they had ruined their chances of finally defeating Slytherin. In June, at the beginning of the End-of-Year Feast, Slytherin had won the House Cup but Dumbledore gave points to Harry, Ron, Hermione and Neville that propelled their House to victory.
- In June 1992, it had to be at least nine years since Ravenclaw and Hufflepuff had won the House Cup, owing to the fact that Slytherin won it for seven years in a row and Gryffindor won it eight years earlier.
Notes and sources
- Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, Chapter 7
- Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, Chapter 17
- Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, Chapter 13
- Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, Chapter 11
- Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, Chapter 15
- Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 18
- In Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, Chapter 7, Nearly Headless Nick said in 1991 that Slytherin had won six years in a row and that Gryffindor had never went that long before without winning the House Championship. Gryffindor had to have won in the 1984-1985 school year because Nearly Headless Nick would be wrong.
- Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Chapter 22