Lucius Malfoy was a character in the Harry Potter books.
He avoided Azkaban in the First Wizarding War by lying that he had acted under the Imperius Curse. He was on the Board of Governors at Hogwarts, and gave Ginevra Weasley the Tom Riddle's Diary to sabotage Arthur Weasley's career and open the Chamber of Secrets for the second time.
During the Second Wizarding War, he failed Voldemort at the Battle of the Department of Mysteries. Lucius was imprisoned in Azkaban but Voldemort wanted Lucius to pay a price too, and forced Draco to join the Death Eaters. They fell out of favour and he humiliated them. They abandoned him during the Battle of Hogwarts. Because he defected, he was not sent to Azkaban for the second time.
1981 - 1991
At the end of the First Wizarding War, Lucius was one of the first say that Voldemort controlled him through the Imperius Curse. That was true of a few witches and wizards, but it was not true of the Malfoy family. Many willing Death Eaters would claim they were bewitched to avoid punishment for their crimes. Arthur Weasley was one of those he failed to persuade, and he would later say that Lucius had never needed an excuse to join the Dark side.
Chamber of Secrets
Lucius was not in favour of a new law proposed by Arthur called the Muggle Protection Act. Arthur was conducting raids in search of Dark artefacts, and he thought he was going to conduct a raid at Malfoy Manor.
He concocted a plan to ruin Arthur's career and get the law scrapped, by giving Arthur's daughter Tom Riddle's Diary. He hoped it would lead to the opening of the Chamber of Secrets for the second time and prove that Arthur was incompetent for creating laws. He then began selling Dark artefacts in case Arthur conducted a raid at the house.
He took Draco to Borgin and Burkes and accepted a price for a few of the artefacts. At Flourish and Blotts during Gilderoy Lockhart's book signing, he saw Arthur and the Weasley family and they spoke. He insulted Arthur using Ginevra Weasley's second-hand Transfiguration book. He and Arthur then had a fight and knocked into a bookshelf, causing heavy books to fall. Lucius was hit in the eye by an Encyclopedia of Toadstools by the time Rubeus Hagrid separated them.
Lucius managed to put Tom Riddle's Diary in Ginny's cauldron before leaving when he gave her second-hand Transfiguration book back. The plan was successful because Ginny opened the Chamber of Secrets and Lucius told Draco not to get involved and let the Heir do what they wanted. He would not tell Draco a lot about it because he thought Draco would look suspicious, but he shared how it was opened the first time 50 years ago, a student was killed and the person responsible was probably sent to Azkaban.
In December, Arthur raided Malfoy Manor in search of Dark artefacts but Lucius had a secret chamber under the drawing-room floor and they found near-enough nothing. By then, Lucius was Chairman of the Board of Governors. He gave an interview about Arthur Weasley when he was fined for enchanting a flying car, calling for Arthur's resignation and Muggle Protection Act to be scrapped because he had proven incompetent in law. He sent a copy of the article to Draco, who found it very funny.
In April, Lucius used two further petrifications to suspend Dumbledore. He forced the Board of Governors to sign an Order of Suspension under threat and headed to Hagrid's Hut to give it to Dumbledore. Cornelius Fudge was at the Hut to take Rubeus Hagrid to Azkaban because he was thought to be responsible for opening the Chamber of Secrets the first time. Lucius insulted Hagrid and he and Fudge objected to Dumbledore's suspension.
But the decision of the Board was final and Dumbledore told everybody he won't truly be gone at Hogwarts so long people stay loyal to him. Lucius called it an "admirable sentiment" and spoke of Dumbledore's "highly individual way of running things". Hagrid guessed Lucius had threatened the Board, and Dumbledore had thought the same but was unable to prove it.
In May, the governors heard about Ginny supposedly being killed and reinstated Dumbledore, telling him Lucius had threatened them to get him suspended. Lucius heard Dumbledore and headed to tell him he had broken the suspension and he had to leave. Dumbledore told Lucius he was reinstated and he knew he had illegally bribed the Board. He then told Lucius how the Chamber of Secrets was found and closed, Ginny was saved and Tom Riddle's Diary was responsible, implying he knew Lucius was behind it.
Harry told Lucius he had deduced he gave Ginny the Diary in Flourish and Blotts. Lucius suddenly had to leave in defeat and having brought Dobby for an unknown reason, forced the House-elf to follow. Harry chased Lucius who was kicking Dobby and gave him the Diary back. It had a sock on it and Lucius ripped it off. Dobby caught the sock, leaving Lucius frozen in shock because he knew Dobby was now free. He berated and lunged at Harry, causing Dobby to intervene and throw Lucius down the stairs. Lucius gave up and fled the scene.
Lucius was later sacked by the Board of Governors.
Prisoner of Azkaban
Order of the Phoenix
Half-Blood Prince =
He had a pale, pointed face, and grey eyes.
Notes and sources
- According to Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 15, Lucius was aged 41 when he gave an interview on Sunday 8 September 1995. According to Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 33, he was still a Prefect and student in September 1971. If he was born before 1 September 1954, he should have graduated by then.
- Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 12
- Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Chapter 16
- Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, Chapter 6
- Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 4
- Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 18
- Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 14